What’s Fish Farming?
Fish farming is an act of rearing fish for commercial purpose. This involves building the earthen, tarpaulin or concrete pond, fertilizing the pond, stocking the fingerlings in good water and feeding the Mackerel, Tilapia or catfish till market size. Fish farming is known as pisciculture, that is, the breeding, rearing, and transplantation of fish by artificial means.
While there are thousands of fish species all around the globe, only very few of them are viable for commercial fish farming.
Today, I will be sharing with you a lot of things you want to know about how to start profitable fish farming in Nigeria.
And if after reading this post you have some questions about fish farming business in Nigeria, you are free to reach us for more help. We can also help you by giving you the opportunity to use our experienced fish farmers to setup your own profitable fish business in Nigeria.
This means that you can invite our experienced fish farmers to help and work with you online or anywhere in Nigeria to help you setup your own fish business, you can visit our fish pond construction page for this service.
Fishes naturally lives inside rivers, pisciculture is the means by which we grow fish at home, mostly for commercial purposes.
Fish farming is the major form of aquaculture (farming of aquatic organisms like fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants).
“Fish farming involves raising fishes for subsistence or commercial purposes in ponds, tanks or enclosures.”
There are hundreds of species of fish, among which are; sea trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, freshwater fishes, silver seabream, common carp, catla, greasy grouper, bighead carp, Nile tilapia, grass carp (who knows, maybe there are thousands more?).
However, most of the species of fish are not suitable for fish farming business in Nigeria, either because of their nature or because of the low demand in the fish market or the profitability of their species.
That’s why the most common fish species fish farmers grow for commercial purpose are carp, salmon, tilapia and catfish (while the last two, catfish and tilapia is the most common species in Nigeria fish market).
Means of Growing Fish
Fish could be grown in two ways:
Extensive aquaculture where fish grow under natural water (i.e. river or stream).
Then, intensive aquaculture where fish are fed with external food supply.
Intensive aquaculture is the area we’re focusing on in this tutorial because it’s easier for commercial fish farming in Nigeria.
What is The Most Profitable Fishes to Farm?
You may be new to the fish business, you probably want to know which of the species of fish is most profitable in Nigeria, especially if you’re aware that there are hundreds of species of fish (sea trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, freshwater fishes, silver seabream, common carp, catla, greasy grouper, bighead carp, Nile tilapia, grass carp and thousands others).
Well, the straight answer to your question is; Catfish and Tilapia and the reason is very simple because of our climate, their growth and their lifestyles. They easily survive in fresh water, so your access to underground water can be used to raise them.
In foreign lands only few economies invest on saltwater fishes, because it requires a lot of capital to run the business.